The Establishment of Buddhism and the First Five Monks

After Sidhhartha realized that the path to enlightenment wasn't in selfindulgence or self-torture, he sat under the Bodhi Tree, also known as Sri Maha Bodhi, meditating until he found enlightenment and became Buddha (the Enlightened One). Buddha wanted to share his wisdom with others, thus at The Deer Park in Sarnath delivered his first teachings, urging his followers to follow the Middle Way and avoid extremes. He taught the Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path, which lead to enlightenment and freedom from suffering. This marked the establishment of the order of monks. This event is marked in the religious texts as ‘Dharmachakra pravartan’ or The Setting in Motion of the Wheel of the Dhamma/religion.

Dr. Archana Srivastava